Quite different. While a variety of online sources suggest recommended vaccines, governments provide the WHO the actual vaccination data of their populations, the most reliable way to compare. In turn, to allow Immunization Schedule comparisons across countries, the WHO makes this information available here:
List of vaccines in India reported by its government, across all age groups (Outlined in red = Not for babies).
List of vaccines in USA reported by its government, across all age groups (Outlined in red = Not for babies).
Some similarities: Diphtheria, Hepatitis B, HIB (Haemophilus influenzae type B), Measles, Polio, Tetanus.
- Differences reflect different disease prevalence. For e.g., India vaccinates against TB, USA chose not to.
- Differences reflect relative economic wealth with more vaccinations in USA compared to India.
- Many more combination vaccines in USA compared to India. Again a function of economics.
- Different ages and schedules.
- Also differences in kind, as in choice of vaccine type for the same disease.
- India vaccinates for pertussis using Whole pertussis, USA with acellular.
- India vaccinates for Polio with Live Oral vaccine, USA with Inactivated, either subcutaneous or intramuscular.
- India provides baby nutritional supplement (Vitamin A), USA doesn’t (perhaps decided it doesn’t need to?).
- Several vaccinations routine in USA such as Chickenpox, Flu, MMR, Meningococcal, Rotavirus are currently recommended, not universal in India, being accessible mainly to the more affluent.
Here’s my summary of the India versus USA actual population-based vaccination data, with differences highlighted in red.
And here’s my side-by-side comparison of the baby-infant vaccine differences between India and USA.