- As far as I know, no one lists each and every published peer-reviewed science paper (what I assume you mean by published science experiment).
- The closest I know is the US NSF’s (National Science Foundation) periodic science and engineering reports.
- Mining data on peer-reviewed journals covered by the (SCI) and the (SSCI), they track, analyze and tabulate the world science and engineering (S&E) output including peer-reviewed papers.
- The NSF publishes this data in periodic reports.
- Caveat is that these databases don’t cover many but not all the peer-reviewed journals published all over the world.
- Another caveat is that the data is usually a few years behind. For example, the latest report I’m aware of is from 2014 which tabulates 2011 and 2012 data.
- Its 2014 report, 600 pages long, is available in full here:
- If I understand your question correctly, the data you’re looking for are on p 5-35 to 5-52 of this report.
- The NSF parses the data in this portion into 4 sections,
- one, the S&E Article Output,
- two, Coauthorship and Collaboration in S&E Literature,
- three, Trends in Citation for S&E Articles, and
- fourth, Citation of S&E Articles by USPTO (US Patent Office) Patents.